GLOSSARY


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Term Definition
ACH Automated Clearing House
ACH Automated Clearing House is an electronic network for financial transactions in the United States. ACH processes large volumes of both credit and debit transactions, which are originated in batches. Rules and regulations governing the ACH network are established by NACHA-The Electronic Payments Association (formerly the National Automated Clearing House Association) and the Federal Reserve (Fed).
 
AESAES Advanced Encryption Standard. One of a number of standards for securing data during transmission by encrypting it.
 
AIAG Automotive Industry Action GroupAIAG Automotive Industry Action Group, Sets EDI standards for the automotive industry.
 
American National Standards InstituteThe American National Standards Institute or ANSI is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide.These standards ensure that the characteristics and performance of products are consistent, that people use the same definitions and terms, and that products are tested the same way. ANSI also accredits organizations that carry out product or personnel certification in accordance with requirements defined in international standards.
 
ANSI ASC X12ANSI ASC X12 American National Standards Institute, Accredited Standards Committee X12, which comprises government and industry members who create EDI standards for submission to ANSI for approval and dissemination.
 
ANXANX The IP-based network for the US automotive industry.
 
Application AcknowledgmentApplication Acknowledgment A transaction set whose purpose is to return a response to a transaction set that has been received and processed in an application program. For example, the Purchase Order Acknowledgment transaction is used to respond to the Purchase Order transaction with content such as whether the receiver can fulfill the order and if it can be done on time.
 
Application AdviceApplication Advice A transaction set that accepts, rejects or identifies errors in the content of any transaction set beyond normal syntax checks.
 
Application Control Structure (X12.6)Application Control Structure (X12.6), This is the structure of the EDI standards in the United States. Contains the format definitions for terms related to electronic data interchange. X12.6 is downward compatible, and the current edition may be used with any older version of the standards.
 
Application programming interface APIApplication programming interface API is a set of routines, data structures, object classes and/or protocols provided by libraries and/or operating system services in order to support the building of applications. An API may be:
  • Language-dependent, that is, only available in a particular programming language, utilizing the particular syntax and elements of the programming language to make the API convenient to use in this particular context.
 
Application service provider ASPApplication service provider ASP is a business that provides computer-based services to customers over a network. Software offered using an ASP model is also sometimes called On-demand software or software as a service.
 
AS1AS1 Applicability Statement (AS) 1. A protocol developed by the IETF to implement secure and reliable messaging over SMTP.
 
AS2AS2 Applicability Statement (AS) 2. A newer protocol developed by the IETF to implement secure and reliable messaging over HTTP. Allows data to be sent over the Internet using the HTTP protocol.
 
AS3AS3 Applicability Statement (AS) 3. The most recent protocol developed by the IETF to implement secure and reliable messaging over FTP.
 
ASC X12ASC X12, Accredited Standards Committee, X12 was chartered by ANSI in 1979 to develop uniform standards for inter-industry exchange of business transactions - electronic data interchange (EDI) standards. The X12 standards establish a common, uniform business language to allow computers to communicate with one another.
 
ASN Advance Shipping Notice 856ASN Advance Shipping Notice 856 is an EDI formatted electronic notification of pending deliveries; an electronic packing list. In the EDI X12 system, it is known as the EDI 856 document. The ASN can be used to list the contents of a shipment of goods as well as additional information relating to the shipment, such as order information, product description, physical characteristics, type of packaging, marking, carrier information, and configuration of goods within the transportation equipment. The ASN enables the sender to describe the contents and configuration of a shipment in various levels of detail and provides an ordered flexibility to convey information.
 
AsynchronousAsynchronous A communication technique by which each character is sent bit-serially and is surrounded by start and stop bits used to indicate character borders.
 
AttributeAttribute A term used to describe a characteristic of an item. An attribute would hold a value to describe a characteristic such as pack height, length or width.
 
Audit trailAudit trail A computerized or manual record of transactions.
 
AuthenticationAuthentication A mechanism that allows the receiver of an electronic transmission to verify the sender and the integrity of the content of the transmission through the use of an electronic key or algorithm shared by the trading partners. The algorithm is sometimes referred to as an electronic or digital signature.
 


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Definition